Volume 1, Issue 3 (Autumn 2020 2020)                   JGSMA 2020, 1(3): 19-35 | Back to browse issues page


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Sadi S. The Role of Natural and Cultural Landscape of Mountain Settlements in the Formation of Rural Identity(Case study: Marivan County). JGSMA. 2020; 1 (3) :19-35
URL: http://gsma.lu.ac.ir/article-1-71-en.html
PhD Student of Geography and Rural Planning Department, Faculty of Planning and Environmental Sciences, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran. , simasadi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1336 Views)
In recent decades, with the growth and development of technology and the entry of modernization into communities, villages in most parts of the world and Iran have undergone many changes and have found an emerging face, which has led to many changes in rural identity. Therefore, in the present study, the role of natural and cultural landscape of mountain settlements in the formation of rural identity in Marivan County has been explained. This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of data collection method. The statistical population of the study was 1023 rural households in Marivan city, from which 280 households were selected as a sample. The sampling method was stratified and the studied villages were selected from 18 rural points of 6 villages of Khavomirabad, Zarivar, Circle, Sershio, Kumasi and Golchidar. To collect the required data, interview methods and completing a questionnaire were used, the validity of which was confirmed using Cronbach's alpha test (more than 0.7). Structural equation modeling with partial least squares method and Smart PLS2 software were used to analyze the data. Findings showed that both natural and cultural landscapes have an impact on rural identity, but the cultural landscape is far greater. According to the spatial analysis of data in ArcGIS software using kriging tools, Bashmaq, Kolan and Qomchian villages have had the greatest impact on the rural identity of these areas in terms of natural landscape and Glan, Nizel and Chor villages have the least impact from They had a natural view of the rural identity of these areas. Also, the villages of Qomchian, Sivar and Jouin had the most impact and the villages of Khairabad and Chour had the least impact in terms of cultural perspective on the rural identity of Marivan County.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/4 | Accepted: 2020/10/31

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