دوره 3، شماره 2 - ( تابستان 1401 )                   جلد 3 شماره 2 صفحات 81-57 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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معتمدی راد محمد، بهرامی شهرام. تحلیل میزان غلظت و آلودگی عناصر سنگین رسوبات (مطالعه موردی: حوضه گلیان استان خراسان شمالی). مطالعات جغرافیایی مناطق کوهستانی. 1401; 3 (2) :57-81

URL: http://gsma.lu.ac.ir/article-1-321-fa.html


1- استادیار گروه آموزش جغرافیا، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران ، m.motamedirad@cfu.ac.ir
2- دانشیار گروه جغرافیای طبیعی، دانشکده علوم زمین، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
چکیده:   (1196 مشاهده)
آلودگی با فلزات سنگین یکی از مشکلات زیست محیطی عمده در جوامع بشری است که سلامتی افراد جامعه را به خطر می­اندازد. فلزات سنگین به دلیل پایداری بالا در محیط و ورود به چرخه غذایی از اهمیت بوم شناختی زیادی برخوردار هستند. پژوهش حاضر به بررسی آلودگی رسوبات حوضه آبریز گلیان به عناصر سنگین (آرسنیک، کادمیوم، کبالت، کروم، مس، کروم، مس، آهن، مولبیدن، نیکل، سرب، وانادیوم و آلومینیوم) پرداخته شده است. برای این منظور 58 نمونه رسوب از منطقه برداشت و مورد آنالیز ICP-MS قرار گرفت. برای سنجش آلودگی از شاخص‌هایی نظیر فاکتور غنی شدگی، ضریب آلودگی، درجه آلودگی اصلاح شده، ضریب بار آلودگی و شاخص ریسک اکولوژیک استفاده گردید. بر اساس شاخص غنی شدگی و درجه آلودگی، سرب و کادمیوم غنی شدگی اندکی در منطقه ایجاد کرده که منجر به آلودگی متوسطی در منطقه شده است و سایر عناصر بدون غنی شدگی است. شاخص درجه آلودگی اصلاح شده و ضریب بار آلودگی نشان داد منطقه آلودگی خاصی به عناصر سنگین ندارد که این امر توسط شاخص ریسک اکولوژیک که بیانگر آن است که ریسک اکولوژیک در منطقه کم است تایید شده است. با توجه به لیتولوژی منطقه دو منشا ماسه سنگی و آهکی در توزیع عناصر سنگین در رسوبات وجود دارد.
 
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1400/10/13 | پذیرش: 1400/11/11

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